The National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners (NAPNAP) applauds the report E-cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General released today. The report is the first to focus on the harmful effects and risks of e-cigarettes on our nation’s youth. As NAPNAP stated in its Feb. 20, 2015 official statement, nicotine is highly addictive in any form and any quantity. Today’s report highlights that more than 60 percent of teens believe that occasional use of e-cigarettes causes only little harm. In fact, we know that adolescents risk long-term, long-lasting negative effects on brain development when exposed to an addictive chemical like nicotine. Nicotine changes the way brain synapses are formed and can cause harm to the parts of the brain that control attention and learning. While more research needs to be done, we do know that refraining from nicotine exposure means reducing the likelihood of addiction. NAPNAP supports the U.S. Surgeon General’s recommendations to talk with teens and young adults about the dangers of e-cigarettes and exposure to any kind of nicotine. Caregivers can set a good example by not using e-cigarettes around children and teens, and ensure they only frequent tobacco-free restaurants, malls and other public locations. For more information, please visit Know the Risks: E-cigarettes & Young People.