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NAPNAP Daily News

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Premature Infants Require Regular Screening For Retinopathy Of Prematurity, Pediatrics Group Says.
Medscape (12/4, Parry, Subscription Publication) reports, “Premature infants require regular screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), according to an updated policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)” that was published online...
Ketogenic Diet May Reduce Need For Anti-Seizure Drugs In Children With Epilepsy, Research Indicates.
MD Magazine (12/4, Hoyle) reports researchers found that the ketogenic diet may reduce, or even eliminate, the need for anti-seizure drugs (ASDs) in some children with epilepsy. In “the study involving 232 children with epilepsy...who were taking multipl...
Survey Finds Chicago Residents Think Drug Abuse Is Biggest Problem For Children.
The Chicago Tribune (12/4, Bowen) reports a survey by the city and Lurie Children’s Hospital found that Chicago residents “consider drug abuse, obesity, and child abuse and neglect the biggest problems facing the city’s children,” with 64 percent citing...
US Healthcare System Highly Dependent On Professionals Born In Other Countries, Analysis Finds.
Reuters (12/4, Rapaport) reports, “More than one in four” US physicians “were born in another country, and a new study suggests many nurses, dentists, pharmacists, and home health aides are also immigrants.” The Philadelphia (PA) Inquirer (12/4, McCullou...
Decline In Physical Activity, Increase In Sedentary Behavior Begin At Around Six Years Of Age, Study Indicates.
Medscape (12/3, Garcia, Subscription Publication) reports, “A decline in physical activity” and “an increase in sedentary behavior...begin at around six years of age, earlier than previously thought,” researchers concluded in a study including “600 child...
White House Unveils Recommendations To Increase Competition In Healthcare.
Congressional Quarterly (12/3, Siddons, Subscription Publication) says that on Monday, the Trump Administration unveiled “a report with recommendations for increasing competition for health services, including steps that federal agencies, states and Cong...
Millions Of Americans Expected To Drop Health Coverage In 2019 Following Repeal Of ACA Penalty.
The Los Angeles Times (12/3, Bazar) publishes a Kaiser Health News piece which says millions of Americans are likely to drop their health insurance for next year now that the ACA’s penalty for not having coverage has been eliminated. The Congressional Bu...
Trump Administration Examining How Social Services Could Fit In Medicaid.
The Washington Examiner (12/4, Leonard) reports the Trump Administration “is taking a closer look” at adding flexibility to Medicaid for social services that affect healthcare, based on public remarks by HHS Secretary Alex Azar, who said recently, “What...
Puerto Rico Passes Law Aimed At Reducing Medical Malpractice Lawsuits.
The AP (12/3) reports Puerto Rico governor Ricardo Rossello said Monday he plans to install 13 panels consisting of a “health expert, a public advocate and a lawyer or former judge,” to review medical malpractice suits. Plaintiffs making claims of medica...
AD/HD Diagnoses Higher Among Younger School Grade Cohorts In Children Ages Five Through Seven, Study Suggests.
The Wall Street Journal (12/3, Reddy, Subscription Publication) reports that diagnoses of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) appear to be considerably higher among younger school grade cohorts in children ages five through seven. The findin...
Study Reveals Steady Decline In Opioid Prescriptions For Children, Teens In US Since 2012.
HealthDay (12/3, Preidt) reports on “a steady decline in opioid prescriptions for children and teens in the United States since 2012,” as revealed by findings published online in a research letter in JAMA Pediatrics.
Federal Action Level Of 15 PPB Of Lead Based On Old Science, Expert Says.
The New York Times (12/3, Leyden) reports in an article focused on lead pipes in Newark, New Jersey, and the effect that lead has on people who drink the city’s water, that “many experts say that the federal action level of 15 parts per billion [PPB], es...
Certain Chemicals Found In Personal Care Products May Be Associated With Early Puberty In Girls, Researchers Say.
Reuters (12/4, Rapaport) reports, “Girls who are exposed before birth to chemicals commonly found in toothpaste, makeup, soap and other personal care products may hit puberty earlier than their peers who aren’t exposed to these chemicals in” utero, resea...
Dental Opioid Prescriptions May Increase Risk Of Subsequent Abuse, Study Suggests.
The Washington Post (12/3, Cohen) reports a study published in JAMA Internal Medicine found that “nearly 6 percent of almost 15,000 people between 16 and 25 years old who received initial opioid prescriptions in 2015 from dentists were diagnosed with opi...
Diagnosing Acute Flaccid Myelitis Poses Problems.
Reuters (11/30, Carroll) reported on acute flaccid myelitis, a condition that closely resembles polio and is often misdiagnosed in children because the disease is so rare. Subtle differences in symptoms can help physicians diagnose the condition, such as...
Maine Gains More Prescribers For Suboxone After Medical Association Effort.
The Portland (ME) Press Herald (12/1, Lawlor) reported that estimates based on federal data suggest the Maine Medical Association’s efforts to convince more clinicians to become Suboxone prescribers is gaining ground, with some 200 physicians, physicians...
Senators From Both Parties Want To Delay ACA Health Insurance Tax.
The Hill (11/30, Weixel) reported that a small group of senators from both parties is “urging leadership to extend a delay of ObamaCare’s health insurance tax before the end of the lame duck session.” The article said this tax “has been criticized by Rep...
Republican Opposition To Trump’s Plan To Lower Drug Prices Is Growing.
The Hill (12/2, Sullivan) reports there is growing Republican opposition to President Trump’s proposal to lower Medicare drug prices by tying “certain Medicare drug prices to lower prices in other countries.” A “coalition of conservative groups” on Tuesd...
FDA Approves Marketing Of Test For CMV In Babies Younger Than 21 Days.
Reuters (11/30, Mathias) reported the US Food and Drug Administration on Friday approved Meridian Bioscience Inc.’s Alethia CMV Assay Test System to detect cytomegalovirus “DNA from saliva swabs and won approval for use in babies younger than 21 days of...
Pediatricians Recommend Blocks, Boxes For Kids Over High-Tech Toys.
The AP (12/3, Tanner) reports that pediatricians recommend that the “best toys for tots” are not electronics, rather the best are “old-fashioned hands-on playthings that young children can enjoy with parents – things like blocks, puzzles – even throwaway...
Flu Killed At Least Five Children This Year, CDC Reports.
The Washington Times (11/30, Kelly) reported that the CDC said on Friday that at least five children died of the flu this fall. In the 2017-2018 flu season, 180 children died, which was one of the deadliest flu seasons on record.
Professor Promotes Timeouts As Helpful Parenting Tool.
Camilo Ortiz, an associate professor of psychology at Long Island University, wrote in a perspective piece for the Washington Post (11/30) “On Parenting” blog that in recent years, the practice of parents giving children timeouts has been the subject of...
Children, Adults With IgA Vasculitis May Be At Increased Risk For Hypertension, CKD, Researchers Say.
MedPage Today (11/29, Walsh) reports, “Adults and children with IgA vasculitis (Henoch-Schonlein purpura) were at an increased risk for hypertension and chronic kidney disease [CKD],” researchers concluded after analyzing “data from The Health Improvemen...
Lawmakers Call For Reforms For Migrant Teen Detention Camp.
The AP (11/29, Mendoza, Burke) reports that lawmakers on Thursday “called for stricter background checks, more mental health support and a public hearing to further investigate problems at a massive detention camp for migrant teens raised by a federal wa...
Exposure To Secondhand Marijuana Smoke May Exacerbate Asthma In Children, Case Study Suggests.
HealthDay (11/29, Preidt) reports researchers found in a case study that “exposure to secondhand pot smoke can worsen asthma in children who have a marijuana allergy.” The findings were presented at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology’...
HIV Diagnoses Among Children And Adolescents Falling, But Not Fast Enough, UNICEF Says.
The AP (11/29) reports UNICEF, the “the United Nations children’s agency, says the number of youths living with HIV could drop by about one-third to 1.9 million between now and 2030, while children dying each year from AIDS-related causes could drop by n...
Measles Cases On The Rise Globally Amid Vaccination Gaps, Report Says.
The New York Times (11/29, Gladstone) provides coverage of a report issued yesterday by the World Health Organization and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warning that the number of measles cases around the world, particularly in Latin A...
Number Of Uninsured Children Rises.
The Los Angeles Times (11/28, Levey) reports that “the number of children in the United States without health insurance increased last year for the first time in more than a decade,” according to a report from Georgetown University’s Center for Children...
Trump Administration Moves Forward On Immigration Policy That Could Place Health Of Migrant Children At Risk.
National Journal (11/29, Subscription Publication) reports that “despite warnings from health experts and advocates that keeping children in detention puts their health at risk, the Trump administration is moving to detain families that cross the border...
Youngest Kindergartners May Be More Likely To Be Diagnosed With AD/HD In Early Grades, Researchers Say.
The AP (11/28, Johnson) reports, “The youngest children in kindergarten are more likely to be diagnosed with” attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) “in early grades,” researchers concluded after using “insurance claims to compare more than 71,...
Home Video Clips May Help Assess ASD One Day In Children, Researchers Say.
MedPage Today (11/28, George) reports, “Home video clips may help assess autism spectrum disorder [ASD] in children one day, possibly reducing the wait time for diagnosis in the future, according to” research published online Nov. 27 in PLOS One by inves...
Breastfeeding, Decreasing Exposure To Smoking May Help Reduce Ear Infections In Babies, Experts Say.
HealthDay (11/28, Canter) reports in a general information article titled, “What’s Best for Babies With Recurring Ear Infections,” that “according to a 2016 study in the journal Pediatrics, breastfeeding and decreasing exposure to smoking help reduce ear...
Scientists To Analyze 12,000 Children In Long-Term Adolescent Brain Development Study.
The Burlington (VT) Free Press (11/28, DeSmet) reports University of Vermont scientists are participating in a trial called the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development study that will examine 12,000 nine- and 10-year-old children over the next decade to u...
USPSTF Finds Insufficient Evidence To Determine Harms, Benefits Of Primary Care Interventions To Prevent Child Maltreatment.
MedPage Today (11/27, Hlavinka) reports the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has found that “evidence was ‘limited’ and ‘insufficient’ to determine benefits and harms of primary care interventions to prevent child maltreatment in children with...
Warm Relationships With Teachers, School Friends May Help Buffer Kindergartners From Effects Of Harsh Parenting, Study Suggests.
Reuters (11/27, Carroll) reports, “Children whose parents often threaten and criticize them are more likely to become defiant and aggressive,” but such effects may “be buffered by warm relationships with teachers and school friends,” research indicated....
Lead Contamination Found In Spices, Herbal Remedies, Ceremonial Powders In Homes Of Children With Elevated Blood Lead Levels, Researchers Say.
The Philadelphia (PA) Inquirer (11/27, Schaefer) reports investigators “found lead contamination in spices, herbal remedies, and ceremonial powders in the homes of children with elevated blood lead levels, according to data published last week by the U.S...
UNICEF Study Finds Many Poor Urban Children Have Higher Mortality Rate Than Rural Peers.
Reuters (11/27, Suliman) highlights recent UNICEF research finding that “millions of poor urban children are more likely to die before their fifth birthday than those living in rural areas.” The research, which challenges the ideals behind global urbaniz...
One In 40 US Children Have Autism, Researchers Estimate.
The AP (11/26, Tanner) reports researchers estimate “one in 40” US children have autism. This figure was derived “from one of three periodic surveys the government uses to assess autism rates.” While the figure is “higher than a different survey’s estima...
Among Young Children, Prevalence Of Eating Disorders Appears To Be Similar Between Girls And Boys, Research Indicates.
MedPage Today (11/26, Monaco) reports, “Among young children, the prevalence of eating disorders was similar between girls and boys,” researchers concluded. In fact, “in a large, nationally representative sample of American children, ages nine to ten yea...
Millions Of Children With AD/HD May Have A Genetic Vulnerability To The Disease, Researchers Say.
HealthDay (11/26, Reinberg) reports, “Millions” of US children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) “may have a genetic vulnerability to the disease,” researchers concluded after analyzing “data from more than 55,000 individuals,” then i...
Investigators Working With Children With Autism To Compare Two Different Therapies.
The Wall Street Journal (11/26, Reddy, Subscription Publication) reports that at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Health System, investigators are working with children with autism to compare applied behavioral analysis therapy with sen...
Prenatal Ultrasound Detects Most Zika Brain Abnormalities, Research Suggests.
MedPage Today (11/26, Walker) reports a study published in JAMA Pediatrics found that “while prenatal ultrasound imaging detected fetal abnormalities among most infants with intrauterine exposure to Zika virus, a few had abnormalities that were only seen...
Brain Changes Shown In MRIs Of Young Football Players After Just One Season, Study Suggests.
HealthDay (11/26, Gordon) reports preliminary research scheduled for presentation Monday at the Radiological Society of North America reveals that “high-impact hits may affect the brain development of children and teens after just one season of football....
Insurance Coverage Gaps May Increase ED Visits In Children With Asthma, Analysis Suggests.
Pulmonology Advisor (11/26) reports a study published in the Journal of Asthma found that “children with asthma who have gaps in their health insurance coverage may use emergency department services more often than those who do not experience gaps.” The...
Widely-Used Probiotic Therapy Ineffective Against Gastroenteritis Symptoms In Young Children, Studies Indicate.
Reuters (11/21, Emery) reported, “A widely-used probiotic therapy is ineffective against the diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain of gastroenteritis, two large studies in the U.S. and Canada have” found. The studies revealed that “five days of treatment...
Music Therapy May Increase Connectivity In Key Brain Networks In Children With Autism, Researchers Say.
HealthDay (11/23, Preidt) reported, “Music therapy increased connectivity in key brain networks” in children with autism, researchers concluded. The findings of the 51-child study were published online in Translational Psychiatry.
Teenagers Whose Families Eat Dinner Together May Be More Likely To Make Healthy Food Choices, Researchers Say.
Reuters (11/23, Carroll) reported that teenagers “whose families eat dinner together are more likely to make healthy food choices, even when kids and parents have issues with communicating and connecting emotionally,” research indicated. The findings wer...
Caffeine May Be Risky To Fetus, Study Suggests.
Reuters (11/22, Harding) reported a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that “pregnant women who consume caffeine – whether it’s from coffee or tea – have smaller babies than those who abstain from the stimulant during pre...
Infants Born Via Elective Cesarean Section May Be At Greater Risk For Being Overweight, Study Suggests.
Healio (11/21, Miller) reported a study published in JAMA Network Open found that “infants born via elective cesarean section were at higher risk for overweight at 12 months of age vs. those born vaginally.” The study looked at “727 mother-child pairs fr...
Out-Of-Hospital Births Twice As Deadly, Investigation Suggests.
The Austin (TX) American Statesman (11/24, Dexheimer, Subscription Publication) reported an investigation by GateHouse of federal data found that “U.S. babies are twice as likely to die during delivery – or within a month after – when born at home or in...

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